Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean: Fishes Checklist

Latest version published by OBIS Secretariat on 16 September 2023 OBIS Secretariat
Publication date:
16 September 2023
Published by:
OBIS Secretariat
CC0 1.0

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 430 records in English (22 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (9 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)


A checklist ofcoastal fishes includes 433 species from Lord Howe Island, 254 from Norfolk Island, and 145 from the Kermadec Islands. Tropical and subtropical species dominate all three faunas, but the proportion of tropical species decreases, and the proportion of subtropical species increases, from west to east. Subtropical species are the most abundant individual fishes at all three islands. Only 4.6% of the combined fauna is endemic, with individual island endemism even lower (1.2-2.1 %). The fish faunas of the three islands appear to have originated mainly by larval dispersal from Australia and the Coral Sea. Evidence for present-day dispersal is discussed. Faunal relationships among the subtropical islands of the western, central, and eastern South Pacific are examined. In the South Pacific as a whole, there is a high positive correlation between coastal fish diversity and hermatypic coral diversity..

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 430 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Francis M P, Earl C (2023). Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean: Fishes Checklist. Version 2.0. OBIS Secretariat. Occurrence dataset. https://doi.org/10.25607/wtx3w5


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is OBIS Secretariat. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: a471643f-d7ea-4226-a502-b716fdc520c8.  OBIS Secretariat publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Ocean Biodiversity Information System.




Malcolm P. Francis
  • Originator
University of Auckland
Chandra Earl
  • Metadata Provider
  • Processor
eDNA Scientific Officer
OBIS Secretariat
  • Point Of Contact

Geographic Coverage

Lord Howe Island Group

Bounding Coordinates South West [-31.832, 159.001], North East [-31.415, 159.334]

Taxonomic Coverage


Superclass Agnatha
Unranked Chondrichthyes, Osteichthyes

Sampling Methods

No Description available

Method step description:

  1. See Github Project and R Notebook for dataset construction methods

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Francis, Malcolm. (1993). Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4428305

Additional Metadata

marine, harvested by iOBIS

Purpose These data were made accessible through UNESCO's eDNA Expeditions project to mobilize available marine species and occurrence datasets from World Heritage Sites.
Alternative Identifiers 10.25607/wtx3w5